Gharial Conservation Alliance

Gharial Conservation Alliance

News & Events

Rajasthan plan to draw water from Chambal sanctuary gets green nod

Just months after the National Board of Wildlife rejected it, the Rajasthan government’s controversial proposal to build a well to draw out water for Kota from the National Chambal Gharial Sanctuary area has managed to win approval of from NBWL and the union ministry of environment and forests. The greenlight flashed after chief minister Ashok […]

Do not dig into gharial home, ecologists tell Government

The National Green Tribunal has issued notices to state government of Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh in connection with protection of gharials Rampant mining along the Chambal banks is increasingly shrinking gharials’ habitat in the national Chambal Sanctuary. The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has classified gharials as endangered species. The National […]

From the blog

Shakthi Sritharan

Gharial Spatial Database has been constructed to serve as a freely accessible platform for monitoring gharial population and their conservation threats, inside and outside protected areas. This database will help us assess the status of gharial across the range in India and develop a prioritization mechanism to determine the most important areas for gharial conservation, […]


What is a gharial?

The Gharial (Gavialis gangeticus) is a unique species of crocodilian which gets its name from the bulbous growth on the tip of the male’s snout which is called a ghara, meaning “pot” in Hindi. Though millions of years ago there were several similar species, today the Gharial is the last remaining species of this ancient line, and the last surviving species of the family Gavialidae. Gharials eat fish and live in deep, fast-moving rivers. They are the most aquatic of all crocodilians, spending most of their time in the water and coming out onto land only to lay eggs and bask in the sun. Learn more

Where are they found?

They were once found in India, Pakistan, Nepal, Bangladesh, Bhutan, and Myanmar but are now extinct from most of these areas. Gharials now exist in the wild in only a few small areas of India and Nepal. The most important surviving populations are within four tributaries of the Ganges River: The Girwa, Son, and Chambal Rivers in India and the Rapti-Narayani River in Nepal. The most significant breeding population is within the Chambal River. Learn more

Did you know?

There is evidence to suggest that, like the Nile Crocodile, gharials prefer to eat slower-moving, larger predatory fish, such as catfish. This would mean they are helpful to fisheries, since they are eating the predators that normally eat commercially valuable fish. Learn more